During the teething process, it is common for babies to drool and frequently put their hands in their mouth to chew on them.
The saliva and milk in a baby’s drool can cause them to have an acidic, vinegar-like aroma. Spit-up on clothing can also smell like vinegar.
However, an acidic smell in your baby’s poop could be a sign of an allergy, food sensitivity, illness, or more serious conditions.
Discomfort is normal when babies are teething, but be careful not to automatically blame everything on teething.
When babies hit teething age, they tend to put everything in their mouths, and antibodies received from the mother during gestation and birth are no longer present.
This means that infections are common at this age.
WebMD reminds parents to contact their pediatrician if any of the following are noted:
- Is under 3 months old and has a temperature over 100.4 ℉
- Is over 3 months old and has a fever over 102 ℉
- Has a fever that lasts longer than 24 hours
- Has diarrhea, vomiting, or a rash with a fever
- Is very sleepy or looks sick
- Can’t be soothed
When my boys first started teething, there was a distinct vinegar smell, especially around their necks.
It didn’t take long to realize that the smell was directly related to the rivers of drool.
I found that cleaning their hands and necks more frequently helped immensely.
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Why Baby Smells Like Vinegar When Teething
The teething process can begin as early as four months of age and last until the age of three.
You may notice that your baby smells like vinegar while they are cutting teeth.
This could be due to the fact that they are teething and, therefore, drooling more, but it could also be happening for a variety of other reasons that are not necessarily related to teething.
1. More Acid in Saliva
Your baby’s saliva may be slightly more acidic while teething in order to help the new teeth emerge through the gums.
As the drool gets on your baby’s clothes, neck, hands, and everywhere else, it can leave behind an acidic vinegar smell.
As babies ingest more saliva, the acidity may cause looser, vinegar-smelling stools.
If your baby has loose stool or acidic-smelling diarrhea for several days in a row, it may be time to call your pediatrician to rule out any other underlying causes.
2. Drool Drying on Clothing
Babies are constantly drooling, spitting up, or spilling things on their clothes that can make them smell quite disgusting.
Drool, which is usually a combination of saliva and milk, can create a pretty pungent vinegar smell when it dries on clothes.
Try putting a fresh outfit on her and see if that resolves the problem.
3. Drool Drying in Neck Folds
Babies drink a lot of milk, and therefore, their drool may have milk mixed in as well. Once milk sours, it takes on a vinegar-like smell.
Drool can get in the folds of your baby’s body and begin to fester as it sits.
You may notice an unpleasant smell around your baby’s head and neck as you hug her.
4. Stomach Acid
In the first few months of life, babies will spit up often. This usually begins even before a baby begins teething.
Their spit-up will be a combination of milk and stomach acid. This is the most common culprit of a vinegar smell on a baby’s clothes or body.
5. Acid Reflux in Babies
Occasional spit-up is normal for infants as their digestive system is still not fully developed.
If you notice that your baby is spitting up a lot, you may want to consult your pediatrician. Your baby may just have a mild case of reflux.
However, if she is spitting up excessively, not gaining weight appropriately, and is unusually fussy during and after feedings, she may have a condition known as GERD.
GERD is when the esophageal sphincter doesn’t close completely and allows stomach acid to travel back through the esophagus.
This condition can be harmful and requires immediate medical attention.
6. Sudden Diet Change
Any time a new food is introduced to babies, it can cause a new reaction due to their underdeveloped digestive system.
If a baby is having a negative reaction to a new food, she may spit up more often or have acidic, loose stools.
These can be indications of food sensitivities or allergies.
7. Food Sensitivity
Your baby’s stool can tell you a lot about their overall health and how their digestive system is functioning.
If your baby has loose, acidic poop or vinegar-smelling diarrhea, it could be a sign that she is having trouble digesting her food and may have sensitivities or allergies to something she is eating.
Dairy, lactose, eggs, soy, and nuts are common culprits and are often difficult for babies to digest.
8. Drying Sweat
Sweat is a mix of mostly water and bacteria. When it dries, the bacteria does not leave a pleasant odor.
If your baby’s hands, feet, or skinfolds smell like vinegar, it could simply be dried sweat that is causing the odor.
9. Certain Medications
If your baby is taking antibiotics, there is a possibility that they are affecting her gut and may cause diarrhea or acidic-smelling stool.
However, there are no documented correlations between medication and a vinegar smell.
10. Certain Infections
If your baby’s poop has a strong acidic or vinegar smell, it could be a sign of a bacterial infection.
Common Signs of Teething
Not all babies experience the same symptoms, and some may go through teething with minimal discomfort.
Painful teething symptoms may seem to be worse the four days before the tooth emerges and can last until three days afterward.
Common signs of teething may include:
- Irritability: Teething can cause discomfort and make babies more fussy or irritable than usual.
- Drooling: Increased saliva production is a common teething symptom. You may notice your baby drooling more than usual.
- Chewing or Biting: Babies may try to alleviate the discomfort by chewing on objects or putting fingers in their mouths.
- Swollen or Sore Gums: The gums around the emerging teeth may appear red and swollen and may be sensitive to touch.
- Changes in Eating and Sleeping Habits: Teething can affect a baby’s appetite and sleep patterns. They might eat less or have trouble sleeping.
- Ear Pulling: Some babies may pull on their ears due to the sensation of pain extending from the jaw to the ears.
- Crankiness: Teething discomfort can make babies more cranky and less easily comforted.
- Cheek Rubbing or Flushed Cheeks: Babies may rub their cheeks or have flushed cheeks due to the increased blood flow to the area.
Other Instances When Baby May Smell Like Vinegar
A vinegar smell on your baby could be due to something as simple as dried sweat.
However, it could also be an indication of illness or other underlying problems.
Let’s discuss when the vinegar smell is nothing to worry about and when it should be taken as a warning.
Baby Poop Smells Like Vinegar
As babies begin eating more solid foods, their poop will become more solid and really start to smell.
However, a baby’s poop should not have a frequent acidic smell like vinegar.
If you notice this smell along with loose stool or diarrhea, it could be an indication of a more serious problem.
One possibility is that your baby’s digestive system is struggling to digest something she ate.
Food sensitivities and allergies often cause acidic diarrhea or loose stools.
Monitor what your baby is eating, and pay particular attention to how lactose, dairy, eggs, nuts, and soy affect her.
Try eliminating one at a time from her diet to find what she is allergic to.
If your baby has acidic diarrhea that is accompanied by a fever over 101 degrees, she could have an illness or bacterial infection.
Seek medical attention quickly.
Baby Sweat Smells Like Vinegar
Vinegar-smelling sweat is caused by bacteria on the skin.
Your baby’s hands and feet may smell like vinegar due to increased sweating in those parts of their body.
This smell usually goes away after their bath.
If the smell is not resolved by the bath and you notice that your baby’s sweat has a pungent smell of vinegar, it could be a sign of diabetes, disease, or other medical conditions.
It would not hurt to bring it up to your pediatrician, especially if there are other symptoms or unusual behavior.
Baby Pee Smells Like Vinegar
Foul-smelling urine is usually a sign of a bacterial infection such as a UTI or dehydration.
If you notice your baby’s urine smells unusual or foul, contact your baby’s pediatrician.
Baby Hands Smell Like Vinegar
Babies’ hands are constantly exposed to dirt, sweat, and other things as they use them to move around — not to mention how often babies suck on their hands and fingers, covering them in saliva and milk.
All of this dirt and bacteria definitely contribute to smelly hands.
Breastfed Baby Smells Like Vinegar
If your baby is breastfed and smells like vinegar, it is likely because she has dried milk on her face, neck, or clothes.
If your breastfed baby’s poop has a vinegar smell, it could be from a food sensitivity to something that the mother ate.
Malabsorption is a condition in which a baby’s body has difficulty absorbing the nutrients in her food.
Malabsorption can result in chronic diarrhea, abdominal cramps, bloating and gas, weight loss, and a failure to thrive or stunted growth.
Depending on the cause, malabsorption is usually treatable.
If you notice any of these signs occurring in excess in your baby, contact your pediatrician right away so that she can begin running tests for malabsorption.
Gut Microflora Imbalance
There is more going on in your baby’s stomach than you realize!
In her gut, there are trillions of helpful bacteria that have an impact on her overall health.
Her body needs the appropriate balance of these bacteria or gut flora in the stomach in order to function properly.
If the levels of friendly bacteria in the gut are reduced, a microbial imbalance is caused. Symptoms of this include:
- Low energy/fatigue & poor concentration
- Low mood
- Constant colds & flu
- Eczema and allergies
Gut microbiomes, or the friendly bacteria living in your baby’s gut, are affected by many factors but primarily by diet.
If you notice that your baby has frequent diarrhea or acidic stools along with some of these other symptoms, you may want to learn more about baby gut health and adjust her diet accordingly.
Rotavirus or Other Illness
Babies, especially those who are mobile, encounter trillions of germs on a daily basis, and their likelihood of picking up illnesses increases.
Rotavirus, a viral infection, is the most common cause of serious diarrhea in infants.
If your baby has persistent diarrhea that lasts more than a few days, especially if it is accompanied by a fever, seek medical attention right away.
Bacterial Skin Infections
Sometimes, a bacterial skin infection can cause a vinegar-like aroma on the skin.
In particular, one bacterial skin infection caused by corynebacterium can cause sweat to smell like vinegar.
This infection generally affects the feet, groin, and armpit areas.
How To Get Rid of Vinegar Smell on Baby
If dried, sour milk or sweat are the culprits of your baby smelling like vinegar, there are simple things that you can do to treat the smell on your own.
- Try to keep her neck, hands, and feet as dry as possible. Wipe away drool and milk, and check neck folds often.
- Change clothes often.
- Washcloth baths are a quick and effective way to clean your baby throughout the day before bathtime.
How To Get Smell Out of Baby Clothes Naturally
There are few things more frustrating than doing tons of baby laundry only to have the smell of spit-up and sour milk linger in their cute clothes.
Adding a little bit of distilled white vinegar and baking soda to your baby’s laundry works wonders when it comes to removing both smells and stains.
Mom of three (including identical twin boys), wife, and owner of Parents Wonder. This is my place to share my journey as a mother and the helpful insights I learn along the way.